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E20 Fuel 

E20 Fuel

According to Indian Petroleum Minister E20 Fuel is now available at 1,350 fuel retail outlets and will be available all over the country by 2025.

  • India has advanced the target date for achieving 20% ethanol-blending in petrol by five years to 2025.

E20 fuel

  • It is a blend of gasoline (Petrol: 80%) and ethanol (20%) with respect to volume.
  • It is designed to be used in vehicles that are designed to run on higher ethanol blends, such as flex-fuel vehicles.

Benefits of E20 Fuel

  • Lower Greenhouse Gas Emissions &Improved air quality- It has a lower carbon footprint than traditional gasoline (Petrol Vehicles).
  • Renewable Fuel – Ethanol, which is a key component of E20 fuel, can be produced from renewable feedstock’s, such as corn, sugarcane, and switchgrass.
  • Improved Engine Performance – Ethanol has a higher-octane rating than gasoline, which can help to reduce engine knock and improve fuel efficiency.
  • Sustainable energy source & Increased Energy Security along with Job Creation – By increasing the use of domestic renewable resources, E20 fuel can help to enhance energy security and reduce reliance on foreign oil.

Issue with E20 Fuel

  • Limited Availability & Compatibility with Older Vehicles.
  • Higher Cost &Lower Energy Content- It can be more expensive & lower energy than traditional gasoline, which can make it less attractive to consumers.
  • Infrastructure Challenges – The production, storage, and distribution of E20 fuel require specific infrastructure, which may not be readily available.
  • Seasonal Variability & Fluctuation in Food Prices- Ethanol production can be impacted by seasonal factors, such as weather and crop yields, which can lead to fluctuations in availability and price.
Indian Government Steps to Promote the Use of E20 Fuel
  • India achieved the target of 10 % ethanol blending in petrol in June 2022.The government has advanced & set a target of achieving 20% ethanol blending in petrol by 2025.
  • The government has announced a new ethanol procurement policy that aims to provide a guaranteed market for ethanol producers and encourage the production of ethanol from a variety of feedstocks.
  • The government has revised the pricing of ethanol to make it more attractive for oil marketing companies to procure and blend ethanol with petrol.
  • Government’s policy push like Ethanol Blending Program and National Green Hydrogen Mission will fuel Indian economy towards its target of 5 trillion-dollar economy and realizing Net Zero by 2070.

Extra Mile
Ethanol Based Fuel Around the world
  • The United States is the world’s largest producer of ethanol, having produced over 15 billion gallons in 2021. Together, the United States and Brazil produce 82% of the world’s ethanol.
  • The vast majority of U.S. ethanol is produced from corn, while Brazil primarily uses sugarcane.
  • Brazil has the largest and most successful bio-fuel programs in the world. It is considered to have the world’s first sustainable biofuels economy.

India & Flex-Fuel Vehicle
  • The government of India has started production of flex fuel in India. These are classified as E95, E90 and E85 depending on the petrol-ethanol ratio.
  • Toyota Corolla Altis Hybrid is a first-of-its-kind pilot project vehicle that is based on Flexi-Fuel Strong Hybrid Electric Vehicles (FFV-SHEV) technology.
  • Oil marketing companies are now allowed to sell E100 but only to flex-fuel vehicles.

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